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Lecture

(N3) Plato- Republic Book 1

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1090
Professor
Sarah Byers
Semester
Fall

Description
Plato: Republic Book 1 Cephalus­ Believes wealth is useful for avoiding injustice. Justice­ trading equally; fairness; equality of exchange Socrates: dika (Incomplete thought) Cephalus reduces justice to a simplistic idea, which Socrates disagrees with. Casuistry: the use of clever but unsound reasoning, esp. in relation to moral questions;  sophistry. • The resolving of moral problems by the application of theoretical rules to particular  instances. Polemarchus: Helping (true) friends & harming (true) enemies = JUSTICE Socrates: We don’t know who our true friends are. In this case, JUSTICE =Polemarchus’ vice versa (with true). What does “harm” mean? (Reference to Apology) To be damaged in your human­ness To be morally bad. Follows that a just person will never harm anybody. Justice is human excellence Dikaiosune              virtue          Arete  336b­c Hobbes:  Leviathan Thrasymachus: Tyra
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