Plato: Republic Book 1
Cephalus Believes wealth is useful for avoiding injustice.
Justice trading equally; fairness; equality of exchange
Socrates: dika (Incomplete thought)
Cephalus reduces justice to a simplistic idea, which Socrates disagrees with.
Casuistry: the use of clever but unsound reasoning, esp. in relation to moral questions;
• The resolving of moral problems by the application of theoretical rules to particular
Polemarchus: Helping (true) friends & harming (true) enemies = JUSTICE
Socrates: We don’t know who our true friends are.
In this case, JUSTICE =Polemarchus’ vice versa (with true).
What does “harm” mean? (Reference to Apology)
To be damaged in your humanness
To be morally bad.
Follows that a just person will never harm anybody.
Justice is human excellence
Leviathan Thrasymachus: Tyra