Class Notes (837,191)
United States (324,898)
Boston College (3,565)
POLI 1041 (29)
All (5)
Lecture

First and Second Discourse Complete Notes

5 Pages
86 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 1041
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
First and Second Discourse Jean-Jacques Rousseau • First major critique of modern society o Platonic  Return to the idea of happiness and where our souls have gone • Rousseau = philosopher of poetry/music o Poet = outsider of society and can speak better about society o Ideal man is NOT a philosopher o Ideal situation of being = feeling at one with nature • Has a state of nature  not as influenced by civilization o More animalistic (Hobbes and Locke take civil man and just unclothes him)  Natural man is more of a beast • Second Discourse = response to a public question in Geneva (Switzerland) • In order to understand ills that afflict modern life, we have to go back to what went wrong o Locke focuses government of property and selfishness o Rousseau realizes there should be a more human aspect to government  happiness and virtue • Getting and securing of stuff won’t make life better o Go back to natural state of virtue • Main problem = inequality rising o Bad for Rousseau o Good for Locke because it promotes civil society • Rousseau claims it was better in state of nature and everyone was happier o We civilized people are unrecognizable from natural human nature  Source of our inequality = changes that happened to men • Rousseau’s natural man differs from Locke and Hobbes’ o Feels compassion and desires self-presentation o Differs from L and H’s understanding because according to them, man only desires to acquire  Rousseau’s person doesn’t have and conception of acquiring of power (animalistic) o Repugnance at seeing another being harmed • Natural man was simply an animal o Didn’t reason  don’t participate in natural law • 2 sorts of inequality = natural and political • Most advantageous animals are humans o Simple beings  eat, drink, sex  Humans can perfect themselves, though • Can take on nature and can better themselves through different ways o Man has dreams and ideals and can set goals for themselves  Man was born free but everywhere he is in chains • As humans move from natural to Civil State they become weak and feeble • Don’t
More Less

Related notes for POLI 1041

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit