Class Notes (837,435)
United States (325,029)
Boston College (3,565)
POLI 2327 (25)
All (25)
Lecture 20

Complete Lecture 20 Notes

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
POLI 2327
All Professors

11/12/13 Lecture 20 • In depth of economic crisis o Wave of ambition to restructure American government and meet needs of crisis • Old lockner court is still there,though o No judges appointed by Roosevelt  “Four Horsemen of the Apocolypse” – president doesn’t have power under constitutuion • Skeptics of Roosevelt • Voted as a block  Also had some confirmed liberals • Holmes, brandeis • Some felt that progressives shouldn’t be appointed because they can never be unbiased • Cardoso – considered the best judge/lawyer, from NY  2 in the middle • Hughes and Owen Roberts • Had to be won over for FDR to win and weren’t won over for quite a while • “counting to four” – how you get case INTO supreme court o Four justices need to want to hear the case • “Counting to five” – how you win a court case • Argue about whether horsemen or liberal interpreted constitution correctly • Sick Chicken Case o Takes on National Industrial Recovery Act – major pillar of FDR’s new deal  All agreed NIRA was unconstitutional o Involves 2 issues: commerce power and nondelegation power o FDR – what do you do to get country out of deep depression?  Conservatives thought the things would correct themselves  FDR felt that something NEEDED to be done though – it is obligation of the federal government to solve that problem o FDR set up cartels and industries to get prices up  For each industry, FDR set up cartels involving agreements to limit production and regulate the quality of product as well as prices of labor so cartel wouldn’t collapse • Massive government involvement o How do you set a complex code for different industries? Government didn’t know enough so they decided to let the businesses within the particular industries write the codes themselves  FDR would sign codes into law o If you agreed to follow the code, you’d display a Blue Eagle in the store window  Codes were enforced o There was an allegation that the chicken market was collapsing because there was cheating  Schechter Brothers Poultry had Kosher chickens and a federal inspector said that they were not providing chickens to market that were not up to quality enforced by codes • Prosecuted for violating the code, and the brothers said that the law that provided for the code was unconstitutional according to commerce
More Less

Related notes for POLI 2327

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.