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Lecture 4

POLI1061 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Tulsa Race Riot, American Medical Association, Equal Rights AmendmentPremium

5 pages60 viewsSpring 2016

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI1061
Professor
Crawford
Lecture
4

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WOMEN
TRADITIONAL
MODERN
>Dr. Francis Clark pres of Christian
Endeavor Society said actions were
offensive against the purity of women
>Philadelphia created a Dress Reform
Committee, seven and ½ in off the floor
>Mrs. JP Morgan, Mrs. Borden Harriman,
Mrs. Henry Phipps, Mrs. James Roosevelt,
and Mrs. E H Harriman in New York tried
to create an organization against these
changes
>Bill pending in Utah calling for fine and
prison time for skirts higher than 3” above
the ankle
>abortion remains mostly illegal
>National Women’s Party under Alice Paul
tries for Equal Rights Amendment during
1923, fails because too radical still
>American Medical Association
disapproves of Sheppard-Towner because
unexperienced people would be allowed
into the field, Congress terminates in 1929
>Revolution in Manners and Morals
>New York Times, “women lifted skirts
beyond modest limitation”
>Flappers: sometimes even sleeveless
dresses
>girls smoking cigs and drinking booze
>25% of married women worked outside
home, most were working class
>John B. Watson challenges ideas of
motherhood, needed more professional
assistance raising children and needed to
focus more on love
>Margret Sanger is influenced by Emma
Goldman into supporting birth control
especially for working class women
>League of Women Voters (LWV)
>Sheppard-Towner Act opposed by
radical (Sanger and Paul) women passed
by Congress 1921
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BLACKS
SETBACKS
GAINS
>Billie Holiday: less popular because her
songs are accusatory and whites choose
not to listen to her music as much as
Louis’ happy go lucky songs
>Similarly Marcus Garvey loses support
with his let’s all move back to Africa and
be free campaign does create Garveyism
>Tulsa Race Riot Oklahoma, started when
Dick Rowland steps on the foot of Sarah
Page in the Drexel Building, May 30th 1921.
May 31st 1921 whites attack Greenwood
District 50-300 deaths
>1919 Red Summer Race Riots in Chi Town.
DC and Elaine Arkansas
>KKK Revival, leader WJ Simmons, Based
on new “Constitution” drafted to support
common values of the time. Appear
initially to be less violent and racist
through propaganda and video by D. W.
Griffiths and endorsed by pres Wilson
called Birth of a Nation, immigration,
women, red scare, catholism helped gain
support
>David Stephenson of KKK Indiana rapes
and kills secretary causes decline in 1925
>Protestants divided
>Failure of Sharecropping
>Louis Armstrong: more popular because
he appeals to white people’s stereotypes
of blacks, is happy, plays with all white
band
>musical
Shuffle Along
played for whites
and is popular on Broadway, written and
performed by blacks
>A Raisin in the Sun becomes popular
among blacks and whites, even though
white people are being compared to the
devil shhh
>Duke Ellington plays in whites only
Cotton Club
>Art like Drawing in Two Colors and
Window Cleaning by Aaron Douglas
>Whites support artstic Harlem
Renaissance to the end of their dollar, for
entertainment nothing else
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