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Lecture 7

POLI 2342 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: ProtestantismPremium

2 pages106 viewsSummer 2018

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 2342
Professor
Hale
Lecture
7

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Ward -> Religious Intolerance
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for canon law to work, we can't tolerate false religious traditions!
this new version of protestantism can't live with us!
it is madness to tolerate religious freedom!
leads to blasphemy and evil!
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to have a coveted community necessitates religious orthodoxy!
enforces a belief that the spiritual matters you advocate for are true!
everyone else are false!
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there is a certain logic to this -> if we believe we have the truth of how to reach God, how can
we encourage people to believe in something that is not true!
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you are doubting your own religion if you say maybe it is not the truth way to reach Heaven!
by taking away a brick of certainty, everything else falls!
other things might go as well!
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consequence of intolerance -> horrible, people died because they didn't say the right thing at
the right time!
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John Locke write a letter on toleration!
he noted that every religion that accepted the authority of the crown should be tolerated!
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the movement of english liberalism goes towards some kind of toleration eventually!
However, Ward was writing in 1627!
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he presents a very typical view of the notion of religious intolerance!
why would you tolerate heretics if you believe your religion is the truth!
this leads to the conclusion of religious nontoleration!
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if all religions are to be tolerated, it means that they are all true!
if so, why should you care about what religion you believe in?!
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such a question completely undermines religion!
by asking what is the point, religion takes a secondary place!
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there is a certain way in which this makes sense from a logical perspective!
however, the consequences of religion intolerance were shocking !
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Ward presents a direct counterargument to Winthrop's "Little Speech on Liberty"!
this shows the debate between these two thinkers!
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winthrop held that there were two kinds of liberty!
natural liberty -> this is always attached to corruption!
this encompasses the freedom to do what one wants!
civil/federal liberty -> the liberty to do what is right, moral, and just!
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the magistrates are chosen from the people and are therefore subject to the same passions as
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