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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCY 3391
Professor
svetelj
Semester
Fall

Description
1 1. The Glass Ceiling and the Glass Escalator/Elevator a. The Glass Ceiling effect is the invisible institutional barrier based on  attitudinal or organization bias, that prevents qualified and deserving  people from advancing upward to top management­level positions in their  organization. i. These barriers exist because of prejudice on the basis of sex, age,  political or religious affiliation, weight­based appearance norms, or  potentially devalued attributes or characteristics. ii. This exists in many occupations and professions. 1. For example, the glass ceiling prevents female surgeons  from attaining full professorships at medical schools  throughout the United States. b. The upward movement of men in “women’s professions” is called The  Glass Elevator effect. i. Men struggle to remain in the lower “feminine” levels of their  professions. ii. On an elevator, a person has to do even less to physically “move  up” 2. The Double Shift a. Women with dual responsibilities as wage earners and unpaid household  workers work “the second shift”. i. Some refer to this problem as double­shift stress syndrome. ii. More and more women are becom
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