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Lecture 2

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THEO 1002
Martha Marie Morrison

1/16/14 Lecture 2 Deuteronomy • Second telling of the Law (which first appears in Exodus) o Assyrians brought Israel into exile in 721 BC and brought the Samaritans  Samaritan literature is focused on Moses and the Law • Northern tradition o Believed that Deuteronomy arrived in southern kingdom Judah in the context of the Assyrian invasions  Brought the book of the law to Jerusalem • In Jerusalem in the time of Josiah, in 621 BC, the Book of the Law was found in the temple of Jerusalem o When Josiah had read it, he became very distraught because no one had been paying attention to the law for a long time  religious reform  Believed that that scroll of the law that was found by Josiah was, in fact, the core of Deuteronomy • The text itself has many different editions o What is believed is that the book of the law is the core of the text, was edited, and transformed into a text whose purpose was to meet Judah’s political crisis  Measuring their success against a guideline and accounting for failures, problems, and difficulties against the guideline • Text went into exile with Judah from 586-532 BC in Babylon o Bible was being put together into what would become the Hebrew Bible  This was the text that went back to Judah after return from the exile and became the Law that Ezra and Nehemiah reestablished • Belief that the Law was given to Moses to Joshua, then moved in channels to the prophets, unbroken line of the prophets who carried meanings and structure of Law through the years all the way to Ezrah, Ezra gave the Law to the rabbis o This Law is now the responsibility of the rabbis, who are supposed to be instructing people how to follow • Temple in Jerusalem was the place of the priest, place of the elite o The Synagogue was the place where people gathered as a community  Rabbis taught in the synagogue and interpreted the meaning of the law and people discussed what the Law meant • Synagogue were in all places where there were Jewish communities – now have a physical gathering place where the core is teaching, discussing, analyzing, and interpreting the Law • Moses is on a mountain, and everyone is listening to him o When Moses says “You,” he is addressing the Israelites, AS WELLAS the reader  New literature • The reason Moses is speaking to Israelites is because they had been wandering in the wilderness for 40 years, forging a relationship with God o Ready to cross over the River Jordan to take possession of a promised land  Moses takes that opportunity to TEACH them something • Gives a Didactic Programmatic speech o Established the agenda of behavior for once they get into the Promised Land  Famous figures in New Testament also give these types of speeches that engage the audience o Expressing ideology of the group • Exodus introduced to us a fearful, primal God o Deuteronomy presents us with another take on this – explores in greater detail what God is all about, why he got involved with people in the first place • Israel did not always live up to expectations – there were always problems o Moses said that God was angry with him and would not let him cross  Goes on to say that if people go on to behave themselves – fine…if they act perversely against God, they will be scattered amongst the people of the world and pay tribute to gods made with human hands • “You will seek God from there and if you seek God with all your soul, you will find him” o This is what god is – God is a MERCIFUL God and he will not desert or destroy you or forget the covenant he made on oath with their fathers o Reassurance of Moses that relationship with God is permanent and relationship will continue if they seek God with their hearts • The Word of God – That which God uttered at Mt. Sinai to the Israelites o The sharing of that word and the sharing of what He revealed to them was an extraordinary act that never happened before, making the Israelites witnesses to God’s power and God’s great splendor • Chapter 5 = second telling of the Law o God can speak with man and man can still live  Moses become the mediator • Analysis of what this all means o Shema = THE ONE GREAT COMMANDMENT  “Hear o’ Israel, Yahweh our God is the one Yahweh, you shall love Yahweh with all of your heart, soul, and strength” • Love is the very essence of the Law and relationship between God and Israel and the first of the themes that have origins in Deuteronomy o “Let these words be written on your heart. You shall repeat them to your children…..”  Keep and observe commandments as God has
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