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Lecture 3

Lecture 3.docx

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THEO 1002
Martha Marie Morrison

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1/21/14 Lecture 3 • Deuteronomy stresses the love for God in return for His love o Ways to show love is doing acts of kindness and showing charity to others  Open arms to the stranger, foreigner, the outsiders too • Also stresses the Laws o Provide a framework for humane behavior • In Judah, the aspects of Deuteronomy that were most prevalent were the Law and the Temple o Also extends welcome to the stranger who wishes to worship God • The Diaspora world, the issue of emulating God’s behavior towards the Hebrews while the Hebrews interact with non-Hebrews became prevalent o No temple, no sacrifice…what do you do? How do you observe the Law? • Tobit is story of man living in the Diaspora world, trying to be a good person and do the right thing o Written by an author more concerned about what he is trying to teach than he is about historical/geographical accuracy – historical fiction, intended to entertain audience, categorized as a romance (adventures of an individual told through their own eyes and their own experience) as well as a comedy (happy ending, characters’ names are funny/ironic [Anna, Tobit, Sarah]), successful quest story (dedicated hero takes on a difficult story in order to retrieve money, a bride, rescue a damsel in distress)  Used well known events/people in story to get point across • Tobit is also in the Apocrypha o Widely known from time of the Dead Sea Scrolls, popular text, but not included in the canon of the Hebrew Bible  Christian theologians believed there was value to this text, so it is considered and called a Deuterocononical (“Second canon”) included in the Bibles • Full of insight of the Diaspora world • Tobit is like Job – suffering, but doesn’t know why, asks God for help o Righteous sufferer • Written during the Persian Era, somewhere in the Diaspora • Tobit explains who he is and that he was exiled from the northern kingdom to the city of Ninevah o In his own statement about his life, he walks in the way of truth, does the right thing, is a righteous person, cites good works, gives charity to people who need it  Following the precepts of Deuteronomy o Makes a point of highlighting of how he USED to do the right thing in regards to the Temple, but CAN’T anymore…living in the diaspora  Acknowledges that Jerusalem is the place of the Temple and where the people are supposed to go to make sacrifices and how the people in the North (except Tolbit) stopped making sacrifices • Would give his appropriate amount to the temple and the rest to the poor and strangers, just like Deuteronomy says o Observed dietary restrictions but others didn’t  Didn’t eat unclean food of the foreigners o Married Anna  Married the right woman of the right lineage and people and had a family (son) • Tolbit rises to high position in Assyrian Court o Thanked God for the opportunity – believed God blessed him with position for following all encompassed in Deuteronomy  Parallel to Joseph with the Pharaoh and Nehemiah as cupbearer o Endeavored to always do the right thing • Tolbit = Diaspora Male o Law Abiding, acknowledging Jerusalem, blessed by God • Senaccherib comes back from campaign against Jerusalem o Angry because he couldn’t capture Jerusalem  Take anger out on Israelite living in Nineveh • Kills many, tosses them over the walls, behaves in a very unethical way  Powerful king moved by vengeance • Unjust – taking anger out on exiles who were innocent • Tobit is scrambling around, collecting dead bodies and burying them according to tradition o Tobit is in trouble because another person in Nineveh, a Syrian, turns him in  Senaccherib wanted to gloat over the dead bodies but now they were in the ground • Foreigners are unjust and untrustworthy, so far • Tolbit flees, loses all his property – all he has left is his family o Ahigan is Tobit’s nephew, allows Tobit to return to Nineveh o Family is where one’s moral and ethical values are forged  Family supports family in times of difficulty or trouble • Tobit comes back but the same issue rises again – the murder of the community o Kept burying dead bodies  After doing that, he takes a shower and lays down outside to relax BU
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