April 3, 2014
Nature, Grace, Sin
Whether man can do Good without Grace
• Objection 1: we are in control of ourselves and so can do good without grace
• Objection 2: if we can sin, then we have the ability to that—because we have
freedom—and if we have freedom we can do good without grace.
• I answer that…
o Pre-fall man and post-fall man (“Pre-lapsarian”: prior to sin; “Post-
lapsarian”: after exile from Eden).
o We can do things in the realm of our nature: desires that which is beyond
it, an infinite reality or “God”
What is appropriate to our nature transcends our nature—so we
need grace to do good
o Human beings existence relies on an act of grace
o Acquired virtue (in the realm of ordinary activity); Infused virtue (given to
us from beyond our nature).
We can’t fulfill the virtue appropriate to our nature because we fell
o The goodness in the creature given by God is still there but cannot
embrace the fullness of it because of their fall, so we need the help of
o No. Because God is the primary cause of all that exists, we exist because
That human beings sin depends upon a higher grace, because we
Sin compromises human nature, but not so much that we don’t
have any acquired virtues.
Nature and Grace
• Supernatural Grace: transcends human nature, but is part of it
• Nature: tele