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Lecture

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Department
Theology
Course
THEO 1016
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
1/30/14 St.Augustine, Confessions Augustine • Atheologian who’s work was not scripture but was an important touchstone • He influenced Western thought as well as catholic and protestant Theology • He was the most prolific ancient author • His Confessions was the highest status work in the field • Background o Born 534AD in Roman NorthAfrica and lived there for most of his life o Died in 430 o His parents were Monica, who was a Christian and a major figure in his work, and Patricious, who was a pagan until right before his death o He spent the last 34 years of life as a Bishop in Hippo  Has great rhetorical skill and is good at dealing with conflict which is the reason he was “forced” into being a Bishop (he did not necessarily want to do this).  When he goes to Hippo his life becomes fragmented and full of conflict because being a Bishop is like acting as a mayor, it is very political.  He really wanted to live with friends to feel a sense of community, bonding, and spirituality o Lived during the falling Roman Empire  His reflections of this is seen in The Reflections of God which talk about how terrestrial life is an imperfect reflection of God  This links to Plato when he became disillusioned by politics and it is seen in his writing The Republic Confessions • Written during a time of personal crisis • Written from 397-401 which was ten years after his conversion to the church which occurred in 387 • This book was written as an act of memory and recollection in light of his experience. o Memory is a major theme of the book in that he comes to see that one knows God through memory • He also writes this to discover himself • The name has two meanings 1. Unloading guilt, penitence. Confess ones self before God and the reader to reveal the human condition 2. An act of praise- language is ultimately fulfilled in praise of God  God is bliss and absolute fulfillment of human desire  Praise acknowledges this and is an act of contemplation on something beautiful 1/30/14 • Augustine developed retractions on all works, but there’s only one without any retractions, which is the Confessions • This book madeAugustine celebrity-like because he shared so much personal detail about himself and it was the first thing to appear like that in Western culture. Discussion on the Confessions • Features of the human condition o Mortality, sin, made for god, God is creator and transcendent • Salvation o Brings healing to human person • It is a story about a man who seek
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