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Lecture 1

ANTHRO 2AC Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Beringia, Biological Anthropology, Pleistocene


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHRO 2AC
Professor
Lightfoot Kent
Lecture
1

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Anthro 2AC 8/26/2016
Read: Ashmore + Sharer; Lightfoot + Parrish 2009;
Erlandson and Rick 2015
I. INTRODUCTION
1. Anthropology (sub-fields)
Archaeology (anthropological archaeology)
Cultural Anthropology (Ethnography)
Linguistic Anthropology
Biological Anthropology (Bioarchaeology)
2. Archaeological Training
Anthropological Archaeology
Classical Archaeology
Prehistoric Archaeology (prehistorians)(Britain)
3. Archaeological record
Material Remains, Material Culture
II. WHY STUDY ARCHAEOLOGY?
1. Study of Ancient History (Prehistory)
A. Written Records No Earlier than 5000 Years
Prehistoric Archaeology, Native Oral Traditions
B. Dichotomy Between Prehistory and History
Prehistory People Without History?
Excluded Past -- Ancient History vs. Prehistory
C. Case Study Native California
How Long People Have Lived in Calif?
Where are Earliest Archaeological Sites in Calif?
Early Migration Routes from Asia to Americas
a) Clovis or PaleoIndian people across
Beringia Land Bridge end of Pleistocene
Big Game Hunters
b) Ancient Sea Faring People
Along North Pacific Rim Follow the
Kelp Highway
Earliest Dated Archaeological Sites circa 13,000 BP
Early Sites: Arlington Springs, Daisy Cave, Eel Point
Over 13,000 years or more development of highly sophisticated societies
Most Densely Populated area North of Mexico
Great Linguistic Diversity
Complex Hunter-Gatherers
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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