Lecture 2 – Logic.docx

3 Pages
52 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Cognitive Science
Course
COG SCI 190
Professor
Terry Regier
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 2 – Logic • Modern Cog Sci takes a scientific approach o Develop theories that aim to predict and explain phenomena o Use experimental methods to gather new info and to test theories • Induction o Argument from particular experiences to universal truths – not certain • Deduction o Argument from known truths to other truths – absolutely certain •  Syllogisms  o Speech in which certain things have been supposed, something different from those  supposed results of necessity because of their being so o Premises + conclusion o All philosophers are people, all people are mortal thus all philosophers are mortal o  Artistotle’s project: catalogue the valid syllogisms   Systematically enumerated the syllogisms & identified which are valid  Assumed some were valid and reduced others to those by proofs o Universal All As are Bs or All As are not Bs o Particular Some As are Bs or Some As are not Bs • Leibniz (Rationalist) o Veins in the marble o Fundamentally optimisitic:  World is neither accidental nor undetermined  It has been planned by a benevolent God: we live in the best of possible worlds o  Wonderful Idea   Leibnize believed that people were largely benevolent and cooperative, but were  hampered in cooperation by language which is an imperfect mirror of intelligible  thoughts, and often makes reasoning obscure  What is needed is an ideal language that perfectly represents the relationships  between our thoughts o 3 points Leibniz is arguing  People are fundamentally well­meaning  Human discord results fro
More Less

Related notes for COG SCI 190

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit