Leverkuhn"s 2 final compositions at end of the novel. Gesta - burlesque, vulgar/ribald; early one, 1st one composed/described after pact with the devil (tho he started composing it before) Lamentation - reflects back on his previous composition, the apocalypse - echo onto the violence of history. Allusion to angel of history (painting) - always looking back, but pushed forward by the winds of the future. P393 zeitblom becomes more confident/adept music critic. Himself engages in composition in his descriptions of leverkuhn"s music to tell us about the present/history function of culture: a vehicle thru which one experiences intricacies of the present. Period when many philosophers talked about how art has lost its aura/ritualistic function in popular culture: nazi spectacle central to their propaganda; spectacle aestheticization turns politics into a series of associations with particular modes of appreciation. Becomes public/political spectacle; transferred to everyday world. Aligned w/ ideology = partaking in the spectacle of ideology.