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Lecture 12

HISTORY 10 Lecture 12: history_10_10_27

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Kanogo Tabitha

Lecture Social change in colonial Africa – taking stock of colonial impact so far and looking at the responses to it – what was the nature of the colonial situation? How can you turn the colonial situation to your advantage? Vanocelin – more socio/cultural take on the situation Achebe – compares old precolonial ways of being and doing to a changing colonial situation and the ways in which it begins to inform the lives of people and the shifts people experience Colonial situation impact people’s lives on various levels –some situations dire, some are the result of calculated moves as a result of the colonial situation. As a result of choices that they make to inhabit certain spaces and inhabit certain ideologies. Congregates around the movement of ideas and people, and what they encounter in that process. Explore the many ways in which the colonial process introduces ingenious ways of responding to the situation. How creative are the colonized in their efforts to overcome the colonial situation? In our effort to try and understand what to deal w/ - deal w/ a whole range of processes, which unfold in the lives of these people. Imagine yourselves as these people – who witness a whole range of colonial processes. Colonial Onset – Regulation of movement (ie. pass book) Labor migrancy including family separation, urbanization Land alienation – land shortage/landlessness Taxation Formal education Religion - Islam, Christianity Colonial period – in terms of sociocultural hybridity 1) Ethnic heterogeneity 2) Occupational shift – security, civil servant, etc. 3) Religious exposure Social mobility predicated on new ways – ie. teacher w/ education has gained some status in terms of colonial sensibilities Synchretism – people don’t make total shifts from their previous value systems and beliefs, instead, they explore and mix up precolonial and colonial sensibilities. Multiple identities – ethic – zulu, migrant – worker, religious- Christian, urban Individual confronted w/ whole range of colonial processes Ppl who migrated from central to urban areas- were still regarded as a backwards population. Referred to as washenzi. Wangwana Mixed populations – easier to survive in the urban areas if embraced an Islamic identity – mainly Arab/Swahili, even just going through the motions would open many doors. Oftentimes ppl adopted religion more for social acceptance than religious appeal. Situational ethnicity, situational identity – ie. if miner or dock workers – certain expectations that went w/ that position, loyalties expected. Ppl not engaging in total shift of total body, mind, and spirit. A lot of ppl are going to struggling physically, spiritually, and morally – maintains contact w/ rural area through wives and extended families. Emergent African working class – not talking about ppl who are 100% located at their places at work, only at places at work when they are working, otherwise during vacations, retirement, psychologically- keep in touch w/ rural areas of origin. Women follow their husbands to mining compounds, remittances, etc. Migration to a new place could be a very alienating situation- labor migrants try to create for themselves organizations which would make their lives in their homes away from home much more comfortable and acceptable. 1) Establishment of mutual aid societies – when ppl hit a rough patch and need $$ for family upkeep, commercialization of life. During the colonial period, many goods and services for sale - i.e. school fees, western clothes, etc. Many ways in which colonial clothing and upkeep are changed to western standards, everything became monetized. Members would contribute on a monthly basis and as per need, the money would be used to bail out and helping people at their points of need. 2)
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