HISTORY 124A Lecture 15: Lecture 15

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30 Sep 2016
School
Department
Lecture 15
FINAL EXAM DATE:
Wednesday December 14, 2016
7-10PM
Recap Lecture 15: Frontier’s Horizon
Failure of the populists and big government
The federal government played a big role in the west
oIrrigation takes a lot of organization and money
o1902 National Reclamation Act
Roosevelt Dam
We think of the west as the place of cowboys and Indians
oBecause Frederick Jackson’s famous Frontier Thesis in 1893
oAll about how the frontier was this critical phenomenon in the
development of American culture and history
oFrontier was the line between savagery and civilization
oThe place where the American character was forged
oCreated America out of English immigrants and immigrants
from many other places
oEnded our dependence from England
oMade America a place of individualists
Maybe this isn’t as great of a way to think of the Frontier
Let’s not use the “F” word anymore
The west is a region of overlapping groups
Lots of people going out prospecting
Imperialism
The sun never sets on the British Empire
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Colonial Possessions Map, 1910
Origins
Missionaries and reformers
oOne of the origins of imperialism was missionary work
oInterest of going overseas and spread the gospel
oMostly college students that were doing it
oBy 1905, tens of thousands of missionaries overseas
oSupported by local churches and philanthropists
oNot just missionaries, also reform organizations that have
Christian aspects to them
oBrought with them the domestic social agenda of getting rid
of alcohol
oChampioning women’s suffrage
oAnti-prostitution causes
oBy 1960, operating in 55 countries
oTeach reading, writing, and other practices
oMissionaries and reform orders alerted the press of genocides
Disappearing Frontier
oNo more frontier
oCan’t spread Americanization on your own continent
oManifest Destiny had worked itself out in America
o“From sea to shining sea”
oIdea of masculinity that men are getting a little bit too weak
and lazy, working in offices now. They need a good war to get
people into shape.”
Immigration and Patriotism
oA war would unify the people: patriotism
Intellectual Origins
oBritain became so powerful because of their Navy
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