HISTORY 124A Lecture Notes - Lecture 35: Dive Bomber, El Segundo, California, Douglas Aircraft Company

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19 Nov 2016
Lecture 35: WWII Over Here 11/18/2016 10:00:00 PM
Announcements and Recap
Overcoming isolationism
The specter of Hitler
Why did Japan Bomb Pearl Harbor?
The Four Freedoms
Excerpts from Roosevelt’s State of the Union Speech, Jan. 1941:
o “The first is freedom and speech and expression—anywhere in
the world.”
o “The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his
own way—everywhere in the world.”
o “The third is freedom from want—which, translated into world
terms, means economic understandings which will secure to
every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants
everywhere in the world.”
o “The fourth is freedom from fear—which, translated into world
terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a
point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in
a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any
neighbor—anywhere in the world.”
“The Four Freedoms” by Norman Rockwell first appeared in The
Saturday Evening Post in 1943
In 1942, the federal government created the Office of War
Information (OWI).
o In the summer of 1943, the OWI lost much of its credibility
and funding. Then business began expressing their war aims.
Rousing the Economic Giant
In January 1942, Roosevelt told Congress, “it will not be sufficient
for us and the other United Nations to produce a slightly superior
supply of munitions to that of Germany, Japan, and Italy…The
superiority of the United Nations (allies) in munitions and ships
must be overwhelming…a crushing superiority of equipment in any
theater of the world war.”
1942, JanuaryWar Production Board (WPB) established
o created to produce the “crushing superiority” of war material
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