HISTORY 124A Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Charleston, South Carolina, Reconstruction Era, Dunning School

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Published on 30 Aug 2016
School
Department
Lecture 3: What’s New About the New South?
Announcements and Recap
The syllabus contains the most accurate booklist. Many books are
online via Oskicat.
No discussion sections for this course.
Essay will incorporate Standing Soldiers, Kneeling Slaves, etc.
ESSAY #1 DUE FRIDAY 9/30 BY 2PM
Recap of Lecture 2
oHistoriography of Reconstruction
Dunning School
Revisionist School
Foner School
oLincoln’s plan for reconstruction
oPresidential Reconstruction
oRadical reconstruction and a moment in the sun
Why was it only a moment? Why didn’t it last longer?
Redemption
No Land Reform
1865, Jan.
oUnion General William T. Sherman issues Special Field Order
No. 15, which confiscated 400,000 scares around Charleston,
SC, and divided it into 40 acre plots for settlement by 18,000
freedpeople.
1865, Fall
oRevoked by President Johnson
New Ideology
In 1866, De Bow’s Review insisted
o“There is no greater propriety for a Freedmen’s Bureau, now
that the war is over, than there should be for a poor man’s
bureau or a rich man’s bureau, or any other such institution…
Private enterprises must be left to regulate these things…Now
that the negro is free, he has received enough at the hands of
the nation without expense to himself. No one disputes this
freedom. He has no more right tot a support than has the
free laborer of Maine or Iowa, nor the right to dictate the
terms of his employment.”
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oFreedom means everyone gets an equal chance.
oNo one should have anything that anyone else doesn’t have.
Freedman’s Bureau shouldn’t exist.
oCongress abandons Freedman’s Bureau in 1872.
Share Cropping
Sharecroppers contract of 1882
The croppers are to have half the cotton, corn, and fodder if the following conditions are
compiled with, but-if not-they are to have only two-fifths.
oFor every mule or horse furnished by me there must be 1000 good sized rails…
hauled, and the fence repaired as far as they will go, the fence be torn down and
put up from the bottom if I so direct. All croppers to haul rails and work on fence
whenever I may order. Rails to be split when I may say.
oIf any cotton is planted on the land outside of the plantation fence, I am to have
three-fourths of all the cotton made in those patches, that is to say, no cotton
must be planted by croppers in their home patches.
oAll croppers must clean out stable and fill them with straw, and haul straw in front
of stable whenever I direct.
oThe croppers to pay for ½ of all manure.
oNo cropper is to work off the plantation (feudalism?) when there is any work to be
done on the land he has rented, or when his work is needed by me or other
croppers.
oEvery cropper must feed or have fed, the team he works, Saturday nights,
Sundays, and every morning before going to work, beginning to feed his team
(morning, noon, and night every day in the week) on the day he rents and feeding
it to including the 31st day of December. If any cropper shall from any cause fail
to repair his fence as far as 1000 rails will go, or shall fail to clean out any part of
his ditches…he shall have only two-fifths of the cotton, corn, fodder, peas, and
pumpkins made on the land he cultivates.
State Legislatures
Hiram Revels
oFirst African American senator, from Mississippi (1870-71)
Blanch Bruce
oSenator from Mississippi (1875-1881)
Pinckney B. S. Pinchback
oGovernor of Louisiana (1972-73)
Violence
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