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Lecture 5

MUSIC 139 Lecture 5: MUSIC 139 Lecture 5 (Engendering Samba, Part 1) (February 3, 2015).docx

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MUSIC 139 Lecture 5 February 3, 2015 Engendering Samba, Part 1 BackgroundAthut Brazil • 5 largest country in the world. • Only lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) country in theAmerica • Long history of slavery from colonization. Most slaves coming to the New World from Africa were sent to Brazil. - Unlike in the US, slaves were kept together in their cultural/family groups. Emergence of Samba • Term “samba” began to appear in early 1910s. • By 1920s samba coalesced into a distinct musical genre in Rio de Janeiro among the Afro-Brazilian urban community. • Its rise overlapped with monumental political changes - Post-emancipation era (slavery abolished in 1888) - Change from monarchy to republic in 1889, and then to the Vargas dictatorship by 1930. - Massive migration to Rio (population ballooned from 275,000 in 1872 to more than 1 million in 1920) Samba Today • Umbrella term, designates a range of different styles • Vocal and dance music • Can be defined by: - Musical structure - Choreography - Instrumentation - Instrumentation - Tempo Musical Characteristics of Samba • 2/4 meter • Accent on 2 beat • Syncopated rhythm • Polyrhythmic structure • Symmetric melodic lines that avoid the downbeat Carnaval • Multi-day, multi-event celebration - Period between Sunday and Tuesday immediately precedingAsh Wednesday - Ash Wednesday = first day of Lent (~40-day period before Easter) • Events are classified as either participatory: - Indoor balls - Street parties MUSIC 139 Lecture 5 February 3, 2015 - Informal street parades • Or presentational: - Formal parade/competition (samba school parade) Rio Carnaval Parade • Most visible facet of Brazilian carnaval • Has become emblematic of the nation rd • Same type of event also happens in other cities, e.g. São Paulo (3 largest carnaval in the c
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