Class Notes (997,481)
US (388,977)
Berkeley (9,515)
PHILOS (237)
Lee (5)
Lecture 4

PHILOS 125 Lecture 4: Parfit 3
Premium

2 Pages
79 Views
Fall 2016

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHILOS 125
Professor
Lee
Lecture
4

This preview shows half of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
1
Ryan Light
Friday 2nd September, 2016
Metaphysics 4
Fine-tuning seems surprising and calls out for explanation.
An analogy in favor of fine-tuning. Suppose you had a machine that takes raw materials
as input and outputs some other processed product. Imagine this machine has different
settings (there are three or four dials on it) Each dial has a million possible settings. What
settings we establish affects how the machine works. It so happens that one particular setting
yields a very interesting output (mud concious human beings/iphones). If we change the
setting even a little bit, although it still processes the material, it outputs something boring.
Is it just a coincidence that the settings yield an interesting output, or just a matter of
chance? Proponents of fine-tuning think that this is what is going on with our universe.
We can ask (1) is it really true that some explanation is needed? What is the space of
possible explanation?
Is life surprising? The anthropic answer: if the conditions had not been right for life, we
would not be around to ask the question.
Possible explanations of life
1. The God hypothesis
[god exists and chose to create a world withinitial conditions that would lead to
life existing]
2. The Many Worlds Hypothesis
[Our world is one of many different worlds that are equally as much a part of reality
as our world. The worlds have the same laws of nature as our world, but differ in their
intial conditions].
Distinction between Null Possibility and All Worlds Hypothesis [every possible ‘local’
way for the world to be in fact obtains].
Distinction between cosmic and localal possibility.
1. Cosmic possibility: a way for the whole of freality to be – covers absolutely everything
that exists
[e.g. there are exactly 2 worlds, there are exactly 37 worlds].
2. Local possibility: A way for a particular part of reality to be, which leaves open that
there may exist different parts of reality that are some other way.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
1 Ryan Light nd Friday 2 September, 2016 Metaphysics 4 Fine-tuning seems surprising and calls out for explanation. An analogy in favor of ▯ne-tuning. Suppose you had a machine that takes raw materials as input and outputs some other processed product. Imagine this machine has di▯erent settings (there are three or four dials on it) Each dial has a million possible settings. What settings we establish a▯ects how the machine works. It so happens that one particular setting yields a very interesting output (mud ! concious human beings/iphones). If we change the setting even a little bit, although it still processes the material, it outputs something boring. Is it just a coincidence that the settings yield an interesting output, or just a matter of chance? Proponents of ▯ne-tuning think that this is what is going on with our universe. We can ask (1) is it really true that some explanation is needed? What is the space of possible explanation? Is life surprising? The anthropic answer: if the conditions had not been right for life, we would not be around to ask the question. Possible explanations of life 1. The God hypothesis [god exists and chose to create a world withinitial conditions that would lead to life existing] 2. The Many Worlds Hypothesis [Our world is one of many di▯erent worlds that are equally as much a part of reali
More Less
Unlock Document
Start your 2 week free trial

Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Start your 2 week free trial
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Start your 2 week free trial

Share with your friends

Get 2 friends to sign-up for a free trial as well, and get an additional free week

Next

You've reached the limit of 4 previews this month

Create an account for unlimited previews.

Already have an account?

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit