PHYS ED 32 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, Sprain, Overtraining

23 views2 pages
22 Apr 2019
Prevention and Treatment of Exercise Injuries
I. Prevention of Injury -- Risk Factors
A. Poor/Proper Equipment -- safety, shoes, surface
1. Settings of the way the equipment is tuned to your body can be a
contributor to injury
2. What shoes you wear & what surface you exercise on
B. Poor/Proper Conditioning -- FITT-VP, rest, recovery
C. Poor/Proper Technique -- body mechanics, ROM
D. Lack of Awareness -- overtraining, rules, skill level
II. Treating Common Exercise Injuries
A. Acute and Chronic Injuries (Tbl 3.6)
1. Acute Injury
a) An event you can define
b) Sharp, localized pain
c) Most common are sprains & strains; includes fractures &
(1) Sprain: Injury to a ligament -- bone to bone
(a) Overstretch/Tear Ligaments
(i) First Degree Sprain: Overstretching of the
ligaments (not too severe)
(ii) Second Degree Sprain: Partial tear of some
(iii) Third Degree Sprain: Total tear
(iv) Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) -- knee
(a) Cruciate: Means cross
(v) Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) [inside]
(vi) Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) [outside]
(vii) Posterior Collateral Ligament (PCL)
(viii) Ligaments have a very poor blood supply
(a) Recovery time is much longer
(2) Strain: Muscle tear
(a) Faster recovery
(b) Better blood supply
(3) Fractures & Dislocations
(a) Fracture = broken bone
(i) Hair line, very small
(ii) So clear or ends of bones are shattered
(b) Dislocation = 2 bones are out of place at the joint
that connects them
2. Chronic Injury
a) Overuse injury
b) Inflammation, nagging soreness
c) Hard to pinpoint time of injury
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.