POL SCI 1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: National Labor Relations Act, Unemployment Benefits

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7 Feb 2017
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Lecture 7The Growth of Government 2/7/2017 12:16:00 PM
New Topic: The Growth of Washington
Two linked changes:
o Expanded role of government
o Shift of political authority to national officials
Why does government grow: socio-economic factors
Industrialization increases economic insecurity
Industrialization/urbanization increases externalities
Economic growth fuels demand for “luxury goods”
War (ratchet effects)
Why does government grow: political factors
Conservatives: Bureaucrats, interest groups, and “rent-seeking”
Liberals: Democratization and popular demand
Conservative version of the liberal argument
John Adams: if political equality is pushed too far “debts would be
abolished first; taxes laid heavy on the rich, and not at all on the
others; and at last a downright equal division of everything be
demanded, and voted.”
Mitt Romney: “There are 47% of the people who will vote for the
president no matter what…who are dependent upon government,
who believe that they are victims…These are people who pay no
income tax…and so my job is not to worry about those people. I’ll
never convince them…”
Rise of Washington
Federalism at the turn of the century
New Progressive Movement
The New Deal
The Long 1960s
Why Big Bangs?
The Era of Big Government
Progressive Era
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