EIEC 1110 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Birth Weight, Primitive Reflexes, Moro Reflex
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THE WORLD OF CHILDREN, THIRD EDITION!
Joan Littlefield Cook/Greg Cook
Physical Development In Infants
Overview of Chapter 4
• Infants at Risk:
Prematurity and Infant
• Growth of the Body and
• Sensory Capabilities
• Motor Development
Prematurity – BIGGEST threat – 54% deaths
– US leads 1st in medical technology
• 21 out of 30 in LBW and 2nd Infant Mortality Rate (of 30 Industrialized Nations)
– Preterm birth is birth before 37 weeks’ gestation, or more than 3 weeks before
the expected due date.
– Very Low Birth Weight is weight less than 3 ½ pounds at birth (4 pounds lighter
than average). Greater potential for health risks.
Small for Gestational Age with Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)
– Born below the 10th percentile of birth weight for gestational age.
• ^ infection rates, brain damage and ^ death rates, as well as long term issues
in academic achievement and health problems
– Cannot be attributed to sex, race/ethnicity or other factors assoc. with small body
– Cannot fully indicate why, but poor prenatal nutrition, maternal nutrition,
problems with placenta or even how the baby is utilizing the nutrients in utero.
What is Prematurity?