EIEC 1110 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Birth Weight, Primitive Reflexes, Moro Reflex

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THE WORLD OF CHILDREN, THIRD EDITION!
Joan Littlefield Cook/Greg Cook
Chapter 4
Physical Development In Infants
and Toddlers
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Overview of Chapter 4
Infants at Risk:
Prematurity and Infant
Mortality
Growth of the Body and
Brain
Sensory Capabilities
Motor Development
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Prematurity – BIGGEST threat – 54% deaths
US leads 1st in medical technology
21 out of 30 in LBW and 2nd Infant Mortality Rate (of 30 Industrialized Nations)
Preterm birth is birth before 37 weeks’ gestation, or more than 3 weeks before
the expected due date.
Very Low Birth Weight is weight less than 3 ½ pounds at birth (4 pounds lighter
than average). Greater potential for health risks.
Small for Gestational Age with Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)
Born below the 10th percentile of birth weight for gestational age.
^ infection rates, brain damage and ^ death rates, as well as long term issues
in academic achievement and health problems
Cannot be attributed to sex, race/ethnicity or other factors assoc. with small body
size
Cannot fully indicate why, but poor prenatal nutrition, maternal nutrition,
problems with placenta or even how the baby is utilizing the nutrients in utero.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j3ieYj8oKEE
What is Prematurity?
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