PAMSA lecture – Week 12
Monday, 6th November, 2017
• This session will NOT present significant events in a dichotomy between 2/3 political
• Refrain from looking at everything as a struggle between good vs bad/hindu vs muslim
• 1939 – second world war, congress ministries resign – congress party resigned from
• 1940 –
• 1942 – cripps mission and launch of quit india movement by Gandhi
• 1943 – great Bengal famine
• 1929 – Britain declares war on germany – concerns india as well
• After WW1, india became a source of army, resources, etc
• Unilateral war declaration – cuz Britain declared war on behalf of india as well
• Financial crisis – Indian resources marshaled, coerced, used by Britain for their war
effort. Between 1939 and 1945 – nearly rs 3.5 billion spent on defence purpose in india.
• India faces galloping inflation and severe shortage.
• War was knocking from a completely unprecedented door – japan could enter from far
east to go against Britain in war.
• India doesn’t have a choice in entering the war, nor does it have a choice in paying for
• Context of deepening economic crisis – led to major political confrontations between
nationalists and british colonial state – so the WW1 created many ruptures.
• Personalities who shaped the political forces:
• Mohandas Gandhi –first principle was himsa (non-violence) - civil disobedience,
deliberately breaking unfair british laws. Encouraged peaceful protests and boycotting
british goods to harm the british colonial economy eg salt march, boycott of british
• Out of this political philosophy, when he calls for satyagraha (force of truth) manifested
thru peaceful protest, refusal, sit-ins, march
• Gandhi during this period is going to the masses – has discarded his western clothing
and is now a mahatma. He would travel in 3rd class railways, sat with the dalits