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Class Notes for Global Studies at Binghamton University

GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Morphophonology, Staple Food, Teotihuacan

Regional kingdoms – no written language – except Latin imports a. Primitive agriculture and hunting 2. Gods and rituals to deal with naturea. Not until 1000 CE did Christianity truly unite E. Central America – Olmec c...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Diadochi, Peloponnesian War, Roman Republic

Sparta military tradition dominated slves2. Athens – commercial state, slaves, artistic/intellectual leadership 3. 4. 5 century – Democracy in Athensa. Pericles - most famous political figure 1. No official positio...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Gupta Empire, Upper Class, Diocletian

India decline – not as drastic1. Gupta emperors losing control of local princes2. Hun invaders penetrate deeper into India3. Regional princes, Rajput, gain more power4. But...Indian culture evolved – Hinduism wins out o...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Upper Class

No singular religion 2. Confucianism against temples soaring to heaven 3. Science – practical work – not imaginative theorizing a. Calculated motion of planets 1500 years before Copernicusb. Medicine – anatomical rese...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Shang Dynasty, Political Ethics, Qin Dynasty

Values and institutions spread2. Theme emerges – “Steadily proliferating contacts against a background of often fierce local identity” 3. Integrating force a. Local autonomy lessens – priests/kings increase power4. Fou...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Rigveda, Upanishads, Artha

most rigid social structure of all classic civilizations 1. method of conquerors and conquered to live together in peace 2. not necessary to totally blend cultures 3. promoted tolerance 4. slavery...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Himalayas

a. Private and public not separated – extensions b. Views on etiquette c. Language D. Daoists and Confucianists tolerated a. But...Confucianists saw Daoists as supersti...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Muawiyah I, Military Elite

Byzantine Empire – stronger adversary1. defection of their own frontier Arabs2. Muslim invaders got support from Christians from Syria and Egypt a. Copts and Nestorians would rather be taxed less3. Muslims triumphed in...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture 7: Free farmers couldn’t compete w

Free farmers couldn’t compete w/ slave/tenant labor 2. Hurt technological innovation – behind India/China in production technologyD. Tight family structure – women inferior/diff. laws – not as bad as China, but infanti...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Zakat, Hajj, Zoroastrianism

Universal Elements in Islam1. Why attractive to others outside of Arab world a. uncompromising monotheism b. highly developed legal codes c. egalitarianismd. strong sense of community e. most aspects similar to that o...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Greco-Roman Mysteries, Stoicism, Upper Class

Different names/interacted w/ mortals/whims/soap operab. Patrons of nature/human activitiesc. god stories used to illustrate human passions/foibles – literatured. lacked spiritual passion – lower class attracted to “my...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Mawla, Jizya, Dhimmi

Mawali – Muslim converts still had to pay taxesa. Some even had to pay jizya – a surtax for nonbelievers – thanks, glad I con- 1. Oddly enough, not that many people converted...hmmm...I wonder 2. Dhimmi – “People of the...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Social Inequality, Shinto

Expansion and Integration A. Key point – how did classical civilizations adjust to expansion 1. Between 550>400 BCE Confucius, Laozi, Buddha, Socrates a. Need to articulate central values B. How did they all unite?1. ...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Money-B, Social Darwinism, Ethnocentrism

American Indians – feared Chichimecs – sons of the dog B. Related to fear of invasion/outsiders commonC. Civilis – of the citizens – Latin 1. Rome – urban dwellers vs. forest/desert dwellers 2. Greece – bar, bar – bar...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds
GLST 392 Lecture 5: Xin Shi Huangdi – first emperor – brutal leader a

Xin Shi Huangdi – first emperor – brutal leadera. Undid power of regional leadersb. Nobles brought to emperor’s homec. Officials selected from nonaristocratic groups – allegiance d. Extended territory south e. Built Gr...

Global Studies
GLST 392
Winds

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