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Lecture 27

PSYCH 210 Lecture 27: Lifespan Psychology 4/10/2017

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PSYCH - Psychology

Lifespan Psychology 4/10/2017 Module 10.3: Picking an Occupation: Choosing Life’s Work 10.6: Analyze the methods by which people choose their careers and the ways in which career choices affect personal identity. 10.7: Explore the varied reasons why people work. 10.8: Examine the challenges that work presents in the present day. Picking an Occupation: Career Choice Theory Ginzberg’s Approach • Fantasy period • Tentative period • Realistic period Criticism • Non-representative sample • Overstates choices and options to lower SES people • Age demarcations may be too rigid • Ginzberg’s Career Choice Theory holds that people move through series of stages in choosing career: • Fantasy period – Lasts until 11 years old. Career choices are made without regard to skills, abilities, or available jobs. • Tentative period – During adolescence, begin to think about job requirements and how their abilities and interests fit them. • Realistic period – Young adults explore specific career options through actual experience or through training for a profession. • Critics say this theory oversimplifies career choice process. Picking an Occupation: Personality Types Holland’s Approach • Realistic • Intellectual • Social • Conventional • Enterprising • Artistic Criticisms • Lack of fit for many • Exceptions to typology Gender and Career Choices: Women’s Work • Traditionally: • Communal professions were seen as appropriate for women • Agentic professions were seen as appropriate for men • Women less likely to be found in male-dominated professions • Today women’s options for careers are unlimited. It has not always been that way. • Traditionally, women were considered most appropriate for Communal Profession, associated with relationships (like teachers) and men were thought to be better at Agentic Professions (getting things accomplished). • Today, women are less likely to be found in male-dominated professions like engineering and computer programming. • Women’s wages still lag behind those of men, even though opportunities are greater. • Women seem to hit the “glass ceiling,” an invisible barrier that prevents promotions beyond a certain level. Women’s weekly earnings as a percentage of men’s have increased since 1979 but are still only a bit more than 79 percent and have remained steady over the past three years. Immigrants on the Job • Most legal and illegal immigrants ultimately succeed financially • Only a few immigrants come to the United States to get on welfare • Given time, immigrants contribute more to the economy than they take away Why Do People Work? More Than Earning a Living • Motivation • Extrinsic • Intrinsic • Personal identity • Status • Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation • Extrinsic Motivation drives people to obtain tangible rewards, such as money and prestige. • Intrinsic Motivation drives people to work for its own reward. • Sense of personal identity. • Central element in one's social life. • Work is factor in determining Status, the evaluation by society of role person plays. Satisfaction on the Job • Satisfaction related to job status • Worker satisfaction also associated with: • Nature of job • Amount of input one has into one’s duties • Influence employees have over others • Higher status of job, more satisfied people tend to be. • Status of job of major wage-earner can affect status of
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