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Anthro Notes 10.8.13.docx

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CAS AN 101
Lia Calhoun

Anthro Notes: 10.8.13 Production and Consumption: How do people do anything with food? - Sociology - Why do people eat differently - How they eat is different - Tells us something about a society - Food is a showing of status and power and inclusion or exclusion o Specific types of food one can access shows how wealthy or high status someone is o Food takes on meanings o Food does work at a social and cultural level - Food plays a role in symbolic life - Religion - Every society has food in part of their religious or ceremonial life - Food is a central aspect of every humans life - Food plays a large role in identity - We associate certain types of food with certain societies - Food taboos - Food reveals a lot about gender roles - Wide range in gender norms in food actions Food production: - The production and procurement of food has been a major activity - How we get or make enough food is huge - How have humans procured their food over time? o Food collectors (foragers; hunter; gatherers)  Relies on natural resources which are available  Nuts berries fish fruits meat  And a moving during the year for optimal food collection  Perceptions of food collectors – always on the quest for food, gross, disgusting, dirty, a bad life  They ate a varied diet  Less work than farming  They work about 20 hours a week • They would socialize • Bond • Gamble • Play with each other • They have a ton of gender equality • More than many agricultural societies  Not interested in settling down  They would have to deal with the consequences  Any that have transferred over have done so because of extreme pressure  Not happy about being planted o Neolithic Revolution  Agricultural societies  This may start to affect diet badly  About 10 to 12 thousand years ago  Domestication of plants and animals  Changes everything  Think differently  Cascade of other social changes • Sedentary • Stayed in one place • Surplus came into view • Enabled a lot of population growth • We see hierarchy o Gender o Age o Lineage o Power • Society marked by inequality • It took a lot of work  Agriculture entails much more work  Many ways to organize said work  Distribution of labor  More hierarchy  Get others to work for you  Division of labor  Those who work for those who consumed  What prompted agriculture? • It takes time to grow stuff • Keep working on the land • Wheat and Barley • Beer may have made people stay put • Somewhat more predictability • It was the fermentation process of beer • What does it take in shifting such major aspects of how people make a living and the social consequences that come from it?  Happened very quickly  Agricultures – major shift in food production o Industrial Revolution: 1800s  Much less evenly  Did not spread as well  Moved much of the world’s population from rural to urban areas  Had many social shifts  Scientific, technological, and Industrial innovations allowed more food to be produced through fewer people  No shift from foraging to cultivation  Still producing food  Don’t need as many food th
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