Class Notes (839,398)
United States (325,938)
Anthropology (165)
CAS AN 101 (24)

Anthro Notes 11.14.13

8 Pages

Course Code
CAS AN 101
Lia Calhoun

This preview shows pages 1,2 and half of page 3. Sign up to view the full 8 pages of the document.
Anthro Notes: 11.14.13 Power and Politics: Anthropologists have thought about the relationship of power and politics Different kinds of political organizations: - Giving you the tools and the map - Real examples - They never neatly fit into the boxes In all societies - From the largest (China) - To smallest - People face challenge of who gets what - When do they get it - How do they get it - This is the challenge of politics - Acts as the controlling aspect of power Power: the ability to impose one’s will upon others - Can happen to an individual and to groups - Through violence - Through persuasion - Force – can mean positive or negative - Control others (the ability to do so) Political Organization – the way that power is accumulated, arranged, executed, and structurally distributed and embedded in society - The means of obtaining power - Polis – AGreek city o The Greek polis  Acity state  Aself governing entity • Aself governing city o Our expansion and our concept of the political - Takes many different forms o State that we’re most familiar with now is recent and only one type o Kin ordered societies – political power isn’t centralized  Shared from social networks of families Divide political systems into four basic types: - Bands - Tribes - Chiefdoms - States We’re painting a falsely clear picture of this: - There is a lot of overlap BAND: - Small, loosely organized, kin-ordered group - Inhabits a common territory - Found among food foragers and other small scale migratory populations o The predominate form among pre-Neolithic revolution groups o Smaller than a hundred people o No need for formalized political systems  Everyone is related to each other  Everyone knows everyone  Political organizing  Happens on a kinship basis • Getting along – political activity - Oldest form of political organization - No real need for formal, centralized political systems - High value placed on “getting along” o They spend a small amount of time getting food  Alot of the extra time, not spend on provisioning activities • Enormous amount of time talking to each other • Ironing out difficulties • Political work • Conflicts arise – political means settle these o Gossip o Ridicule o Mediation  They are really good at this • The solution has to be fair for all parties o Sometimes doesn’t work o Disgruntled individuals have the option of leaving  Live with another band  Establish a community of their own • Happens frequently - Participation of all of the adult members in decision making processes, which are based on their consensus o Leadership based on ability, no power to force others  They don’t have the kind of power to force people to abide by their decisions  Aleader who tries to make this happen will erode and people will no longer listen to him  Anew leader will emerge o Leaders:  Represent the band in negotiating rights or claims • When conflicts arise with other bands  Coordinate migration • When one place has exhausted its resources for the people - Mobility as a key technique for resolving and preventing disputes o People who are unable to get along will be pressured to move to another group o Very fluid system of politics o Has an impact on livelihood o This is as the core of their social relations TRIBE: - Arange of politically integrated, kin-ordered groups whose members share common ancestry, identity, culture, language, and territory o Economy based on some form of crop cultivation or herding o Politically integrated by one unifying thing o Political organization in a tribe is informal and temporary  Food production activities yield more food than foraging can • Larger population • New problems and challenges • Increasing complexity in challenges  In many societies the organizing unit is the clan • Descended from a common ancestor o All came from Raven or Bear • Within the clan, elders generally regulate and represent the clan to other clans • As a group the elders of all the clans form a council o Deals with outsiders o Subset clans within a larger entity o Those leaders together have a body and a council o Layering of political authority  Different kinds of leadership within this political system: • Navajo o Local leader – person who is respected on the basis of their age, integrity, and wisdom  Latter two are respected within the cultural frame  Advice is sought  They can not force their advice or decisions on anyone o “Big Man”  Leaders of localized descent groups  Combined their interest in the community’s welfare with a great deal of cunning and calculation for their own personal gain  Emerge as leaders and maintain their position on the community • Also on personal interest and personal gain  Always a he  Not elected  Position is the result of strategic acts which contribute to political power • Attract to him a number of loyal followers who depend on his success  (ie. Papua New Guinea) • Tonowi – rich one • Have to be male, rich, eloquent, generous • Economy is based on pigs • Comes with his success at breeding pigs • When someone from th
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1,2 and half of page 3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.