The earliest forms of Homo sapiens are often referred to as Archaic Homo sapiens
Homo heidelbergensis : African, Europe, India, and Asia; 800200 kya.
Evolves out of Homo egaster 1.3mya800 kya.
Homo neanderthalensis: Europe, Middle East and West Asia, 20030 kya.
Evolves from H. heidelbergensis 350400 kya.
Homo denisovans: Europe? To east Asia. Best known rom a cave in Siberia
(Altai Mountains) and is a very recent discovery
Homo sapiens sapiens of Fully Modern Humans or Anatomically Modern Humans
First appear in South Africa 100200 kya evolves from H. heidelbergnsis.
Last ancestor with Neanderthals 500 kaya (DNA evidence)
Spreads out and interbreeds with Neandethals and Denisovans (DNA evidence
cranium from Bodo, Ethiopia 600 kya
decrease in rubusticity in cranium
increase in brain size (1200 cc)
stone tool cut marks on the forehead, eye sockets, and rear or skull indicate
Atapuerca, Spain (Sima de los Huesos)
remains of at least 32 Archaic Sapiens in a pit at the back of a cave 55 m deep
from the entrance
thousands of bones. Largest collection of hominid fossils e