There was a mass hanging of the pirates who had defied the british king"s justice in the. This was one part of the war against pirates. This mass hanging was in the bahamas. The imperial authorities took it upon themselves to stop these pirates. The british empire began to monopolize the use of force--use their power to cut down any wrongdoings. War against pirates who had once been tolerated. The great shift was caused by the growing wealth of the trade and the centrality of trade that made piracy unacceptable. Importance of plantations and trade to the financial wealth. Before 1690, it was tolerated and used against spanish fleets/settlements. The spanish were the dominant power, so other powers began to engage in piracy to get some of that treasure. Rulers in england, france, dutch allowed piracy to weaken the spanish. After 1690, the british force pirates out. 16th century saw the rise of european piracy.