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CAS PO 111 Lecture Notes - Zimmermann Telegram, Hard Power

Political Science
Course Code
CAS PO 111
Graham Wilson

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US outspends everyone else in defense
In 1916, the US controlled roughly 11% of the world's naval power. That is an
impressive number that ranked US third.
UK controlled 34%
In 2011, the US controlled roughly 50%.
Russia controls 11%
Highest per capita income in the world
China continues to grow in world economy
Largest economy
Cultural, intellectual, lifestyle influence of a country
Soft power
Sources of US might
USA is every form of power is far in the lead, not since the Russian Empire
Realist view: Promote and defend national interest
Syria and Afghanistan
Idealist view: Promote and defend democracy and liberty and economic freedom
What to do with this power?
Avoid foreign entanglements
Washington's Farewell Address
Always an exaggeration, US always has had foreign policy
Zimmerman Telegram
Submarine welfare
US was gradually sucked into WWI
The disjuncture of 1941
Promoting economic growth to be powerful
Solidarity; "Commerce with all nations, alliance with none"
Bombing of Japan WWII
Willingness to use power; only when attacked
Not just about national influence, promoting ideals in the world
Mead's four traditions
Traditions in US foreign policy
Creation of UN and the World Bank
International organizations
US foreign diplomacy
United in backing the countries overseas
Politics stops at the water's edge?
Traditions in Foreign Policy
Using hard power reduces soft power?
Building institution and coalitions vs. acting alone
President is dominant in foreign policy but cannot ignore Congress
Rare for Congress to disagree with President about War
Challenge of being the world's greatest power: privilege, responsibility and dangers
Foreign Policy
Thursday, December 5, 2013
3:38 PM
PO 111 Page 1
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