More Defining Communication & Thinking About Language and Nonverbal
Humans are Communicators
"Definition of Man" by Kenneth Burke
• Symbol users, misusers and creators
• Inventors of the negative
• Goaded by the spirit of hierarchy (moved by a sense of order)
◦ Identity: puts you into hierarchy
◦ helps us understand who we are, what we want, how to get there
• Separated from natural condition by instruments of their own making (create
buildings, abstract idea of wanting more)
• Rotten with perfection (televisions>black and white>color>cable)
◦ Rotten with Perfection "The Perfect Body"
3. Communication is Shared
• What does "shared" mean?
◦ Can you communicate with yourself?
◦ (post it note to self, reiterate to memorization INTRAPERSONAL
• Does it need to be intentional?
◦ Can you accidentally communicate?
◦ (facial leakage)
• Must it be successful?
◦ What determines success?
◦ ….(what is success?)
• Words have etymological roots
◦ Communicare (to share, 16th c.)
◦ Communis (duties together, 13th c.)
• Common roots create shared meaning
◦ Common, Community, Commune…
Traditional Context-based Categories of Communication (IN BOOK)
• Intrapersonal Communication (self)
• Interpersnal Communication (2 people)
• Small Group Communication (3-15)
• Public Communication (few to many, often in person)
• Mass Communication (few to very many & always mediated)