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Lecture

2:20 - Cold War Culture

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Department
History
Course
CAS HI 338
Professor
Michael Holm
Semester
Spring

Description
February 20  th Cold War Culture and Religion & the Fall of Joseph McCarthy I. Culture, HUAC, and the Cold War a. during the first decade of the Cold War, culture was very much about the  threat posed from within the country rather than without b. Mike Hammer i. condoning the use of extreme violence, condemning the  government for not doing enough to stop Communism ii. tough, ruthless, private detective who considered himself  above/outside the law iii. highly popular: books, television series, movies, even revived in  the 1980s iv. encapsulated what the Cold War was thought to be about, and in  many ways mirrored the thinking and characterization of Joseph  McCarthy c. HUAC in Hollywood i. when HUAC went after Hollywood, numerous actors, directors,  and producers were either imprisoned for refusing to collaborate or  blacklisted for confessing to previous/current connections to or  sympathies with Communism ii. accusations of communism in Hollywood had been present since  the 1930s iii. filmmakers were encouraged to avoid “subtle touches” of  Communism iv. witnesses before HUAC were placed into an impossible situation  of either being held in “contempt”, lying, or giving up their friends v. those who refused to testify were known as the Hollywood Ten vi. the Waldorf Statement was issued by the Motion Picture  Association, which was set on protecting itself 1. problematic elements were recognized – that innocents  might be targeted, that freedom of speech might be  impeded – but the rooting out of subversives was  prioritized vii. more than 300 members of the film industry were required to write  numerous petitions, articles, etc. to exonerate themselves or to  repent for the sin of believing in Communism 1. Humphrey Bogart 2. Edward Dmytryk viii. Jean Muir was named as a Communist sympathizer in the  magazine Red Channel while preparing for a television series that  was eventually pulled when the sponsor ditched – this was brought  about by public demand, and Muir would not work again until  1958 ix. Lucille Ball was forced to testify in front of HUAC over her ties to  Communism in the 1930s; no case was brought against her d. some fought back, particularly towards the 1960s, such as Jonathan Faulk,  who sued after he was fired for being listed as a Communist and won $3.5  million II. Billy Graham Rising a. Billy Graham comes to prominance in 1949 through the revivalist  movement, encouraging sinners to embrace God and presenting the Cold  war as a struggle between good and evil b. religion became reframed during this time period in a positi
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