International Relations in Europe Lecture 33
Lecture 33: Push and Pull Factors
o Security concerns - refugees and asylum seekers.
The Geneva Conventions on Asylum.
The UNHCR decides upon the definition of refugees.
o Periodically, there are crises which provide a steady flow of refugees.
In 1956, there were thousands of people moving from Russia to Austria and
Another uprising in Czechoslovakia (Prague Spring) had more refugees moving
from their home country.
Sri Lankan Civil War had a lot of people applying for refugee status.
The Yugoslavian crisis produced about 800,000 refugees.
o But people dont usually like moving due to profession issues, linguistic barriers or
difference in benefits given to citizens.
o Relative poverty.
o Environmental factors/ natural disasters.
For example, in Bangladesh, the Bay of Bengal causes severe oceanic disasters
and storms which have led to large number of deaths.