SED PE 375 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Observational Learning, Motor Skill, Motor Learning
Feedback has an informational function and motivational proprieties i. e. - feedback after successful trials. Social-comparative (normative) feedback indicating better than average performance have been shown to have a beneficial effect on learning. Predetermined level: most rapid change in performance, achievement of a certain predetermined level. Real learning: retention after a certain interval (i. e. 1 hour, 1 day, 1 week, after performance degradation (fatigue, without enhancements-demonstrations, transfer variation of what is practiced. Peer learning: the acquisition of knowledge and skill through active helping and supporting among status equals or matched companions (topping, 2005) Influential factors: modeling the correct behavior, a high status, perceived competent model is more beneficial, observing a model that is similar self is more helpful than dissimilar, live and videotaped are = benefit. Novice learners need to be guided to the relevant aspects of the performance to observe. Advanced and intermediate learners gain more from video self-observation.