Mindset: a habitual mental attitude or disposition that predetermines a person"s responses to and interpretation of situations. 3:1 ratio (3 positive, 1 negative) this changes the way we orient to the world. The thought-action repertoire is a disposition to respond and interpret situations in a certain way. When you are experiencing a positive emotion, we experience the benefit for it. Effort praise: you worked hard: 92% option of challenge. Intelligence praise: you must be really smart: 67% easier option. This relates to the idea stable or unstable causation. Fixed mindset: i am defined by traits. i. e. smart, talented, weak. Growth mindset: i am defined by a capacity to put in effort and persevere. Fixed mindset praised for intelligence kids quickly frustrated. Growth mindset praised for effort kids worked longer.