WEEK TWO: CHAPTER 2
Power & Government:
• How much power as a whole does the government has over us in America?
• What are the limits for what they can and cannot do?
So formed the constitution
I. European History
Since 1787 France has had:
• 3 monarchies
• 2 Empires
• 5 republics
Some of the European countries that did not exist when the constitution
was adopted. (Italy, Germany, and Belgium)
What is the point?
Constitution is very old and very successful.
II. Goals of the writers of the constitution:
1. A more effective National gvt to be capable of dealing with international and
2. Something that could get adopted
3. A constitution that would not create tyranny.
• Wanted a strong national gvt to stand up to France, Britain, Spain etc….
(The population that was included in we the colonies did include slaves)
Big states (Mass, Virginia) ▯ HOR
Small states (RI) ▯ 2 senators
▯ Balance of power
(Checks and balances = sharing of power)
Political issues (such as universal health acre) is not just in one sections hands – it is a
combined agreement amongst our gvt THIS IS TO AVOID TYRANNY
Sixty vote – In the senate today, you need roughly 60 votes to push anything through.
III. Federalism: Relationship between fed. Gvt and state gvts.
• The use of state’s rights to resist anti lynching laws, civil rights etc… liberals
oppose and argue for national/federal power. WEEK TWO: CHAPTER 2
• Under the Bush admin, liberals really defended the rights of CA to test federal
standards on auto emission while businesses argued for federal control of the
IV. Federalism in practice: