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CAS PO 111 (43)
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Department
Political Science
Course
CAS PO 111
Professor
Graham Wilson
Semester
Fall

Description
• Constitution: sets the rules of power o Who has power? o What power does the government as a whole have? • All are different o Britian: custom and precedent; parliamentary acts  On the other hand, we spelled everything out o India’s is many volumes long; ours is short • Longevity o Population growth o Becoming a world power o Changes in technology, economic activities o Rural vs. urban society  Only the 2  constitution we’ve ever had  Meanwhile, since 1787, • France has had 3 monarchies, 2 empires, 5 republics • Italy, Germany, and Belgium have come into existence • Goals of the Framers o 1) more effective national government capable of dealing with  international and domestic challenges  order/unrest (Shay’s rebellion)  international relations­ surrounded by empires  money, armies o 2) something that could get adopted  didn’t start with one country, but 13 different colonies with  different legislatures  • slave owning south, small/big states, northern, etc.  compromises­ most importantly, congress • House=population, Senate=equal representation o 3) would not create tyranny • Federalist Papers page 71 o “ambition must be made to counteract ambition”  if people were angels, we wouldn’t need a government to control  them • Foreign Policy: executive branch­ “secrecy, speed, and dispatch”; president  appoints ambassadors; congress approves/ rejects treaties, declares wer, power of  the purse o Vietnam ended because of congressional prohibition of funds o Iran Contra (Reagan)  Ollie North sells arms to Iran­ funds go to Contras; Congress had  prohibited $ to Contras • Obamacare o Signed by Obama o Narrowly upheld by Supreme Court o Congress has tried to repeal about 40 times What the framers were aiming for: prevent tyranny by having government struggle  against itself o Side note­ think of 1700s mechanics, balances o John Adams
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