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CAS PO 111 (43)
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Department
Political Science
Course
CAS PO 111
Professor
Graham Wilson
Semester
Fall

Description
Money, Law, and Politics • Buckley v. Valeo 1975 (7­1 decision) st o did the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 violate the 1  amendment? o result of Watergate  secret activities of Nixon’s secret agents (White House plumbers,  tricks on opponents)  illegal donation (plane crash) o provisions  what candidates could spend­ less risk of illicit money coming into  politics (used in Britian)  PACs with strict limits on how much they can contribute  open records o sets out clear decisions by a large majority  strikes down spending limits  state the notion that money=speech  sets doctrine to limit contributions (PACs, individual contributions) • there is a legitimate purpose in keeping out corruption • First National Bank of Boston v. Bellotti 1978 st o whether or not corporations can enjoy 1  amendment rights  they do o Rehnquist dissent: corporations do not same the same 1  amendment  rights  corporations are created by government; can’t exist by nature  when corporations are creaed under law, they have the rights  needed to carry on but don’t need to participate in campaigns in  order to survive • people can be drafted, corporations can’t • Citizens United v. FEC 2008 o overturned previous decisions to rule that independent spending by  corporations and unions is protected under 1  amendement  free speech issues as in Buckley  status of corporations: are they people or not? • then: you could spend money in a variety of ways, but there  was a barrier between the candidate • now: you can support a candidate as long as it’s  independent
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