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Constitutional Government.docx

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Boston University
Political Science
CAS PO 191
Judith Swanson

Question 1, Research, Constitutional Government Constitutional Government (Limited Government) • Rule of law: embodied in legal documents, institutions, procedures • Officials cannot act arbitrarily when they make/enforce public decisions; they are guided and limited by the laws as they carry out the duties of their government offices • Constitution is the supreme law that guides and limits the exercise of power by government officials; laws made in conformity with the Constitution guide and limit the actions of government officials • Supreme law by which the people establish and limit the powers of their government • 1787: ratification of the Constitution that stands above all laws made by any legislative body in the US o Article 6: “The Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof…shall be the supreme Law of the Land.” o All laws—whether passed by Congress or by state legislatures, must conform to the supreme law, the Constitution o The Federalist No. 78: “No legislative act contrary to the Constitution, therefore, can be valid.” o Any legislative or executive act that violates the Constitution can be declared
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