Wed. 27th, Test Review in Disc.
Thurs. 28th, Last lecture of material on exam. - Class starts at 8:15.
April 2nd, Guest lecture. *Material on Final
What is motivation?
● Process that influences the direction, persistence, and vigor of goal-directed behavior.
● Motivation is based on some internal state of flux or tension that motivates organism to
do something that reduces those states or returns to homeostasis equilibrium.
● Motives: Needs, interests, desires, that propel us to behave.
● Blood vessels in skin dilate to remove heat
● Person sweats
● Turns down furnace
● Removes sweater
● Need → Drive → Response → Something positive (i.e, ice cream, money,A+)
High-incentive value goal
● Need → Drive → Response → Something negative (i.e, carrot
Low-incentive value goal
● External stimuli
● Performing an activity to obtain an external reward or to avoid punishment
● Performing an activity for its own sake
Biological vs. Social Motives
● Achievement ● Nurturance - to care for others
● Exhibition - to impress others
● Order - tidiness
● Autonomy - independence / adult
● Dominance - make our mark / influence and control outcomes
● Play - for amusement / relaxation
● Striving for personal growth
● Need hierarchy: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs ○
● Self-determination theory: focus on psychological needs
Motivation … Example
● Motivation of Hunger
○ Biological Factors:
■ Blood Glucose
■ Leptin - Less = More