PS101, Lec 16.docx

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Department
Psychological & Brain Sciences
Course
CAS PS 101
Professor
Barak Caine
Semester
Spring

Description
PS101, Lec 16 03/26/2013 Next Thursday: Next Midterm Finishing up language and development. Just next 2 lecs included in midterm.  Most observable quality in infants is: Kagan, Soumi: Temperament. Soumi said it’s not just nature or nurture, it’s  always both.  Outgoing vs. cautious.  Definite genetic component (inheritance) Definitely modified by environment (nurturing) Very similar in humans and nonhuman primates.  Harlow suggested motherly attachment isn’t just for food or survival.  Ainsworth:  Secure:  Cry when separated, actively seek comfort.  Avoidant/anxious.  Parenting styles: Control Responsiveness Low High Low Permissive, indifferentPermissive, indulgent High Authoritarian Authoritative Excessively permissive > dependent, low self­esteem Authoritarian (too much) > less curious & positive, tend to have fewer friends Authoritative (exert healthy control, but also responsive) > socially and emotionally  positive. Cognition: Thinking. Ability to process information coming in from sensory receptors. Also includes  problem solving.  Paiget’s Theory:  Says the idea of cognition is changing.  Cognitive development is active.  Four distinct stages.  Thinking is qualitatively different in each stage.  Assimilation and accommodation.  Fitting new info to existing schemas. Ex. grammar and how to relate words to one another in a correct  order. Pattern.  Restructuring schemas to accommodate new info.        • Sensorimotor Stage: Birth to age 2  Sensing and manipulating objects  Object Permanence (still there even if you can’t see it) • Preoperational stage: 2 to 7 years.  1.
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