PS101, Lec 18: 04/02/2013
Personality psychology: How two people behave differently in different situations.
Social Psych: how people behave similarly to different situations.
Walter Mischel’s definition:
Personality defines a person’s distinctive patterns of feelings, thought, and actions.
Traits define a person’s general action tendencies.
Trait: Defining Our Differences
Psychodynamic: Probing the Depths
Humanistic: Appreciating our potential
Behav. Cognitive: The power of beliefs.
The 16 personality factors:
Warmth Source traits are at the core of personality
Surface traits are obvious and grouped.
The Big Five: OCEAN
Openness to experience – curious, adventurous
Conscientiousness – efficient, disciplined
Extroversion – outgoing and confident
Agreeableness – cooperative, goodnatured
Neuroticism – emotionally instable, usually negative
There’s high genetic concordance with the Big Five. If you have identical twins with
identical genes, they’re more likely to have the same amounts of the big five. Openness being the biggest
OH question: Why do these factors matter? Biological bases