PS251, Lec 6, Ex. 3: 11/04/2013
Basic Concepts: Talking about mindsets. Born with a mindset as we’re born by these
1. Fictional Finalism
2. Inferiority feelings & Compensations
3. Striving for Superiority: need to be superior and masterful of something.
4. Social Interest: Human beings are interested in others.
5. Style of Life
6. Creative Self
His ideas were criticized for being too simplistic and economical and idealistic. Hard to prove. Ultimately
talks about selfactualization. Doesn’t give developmental learning processes. Too common sense
approach that leaves a lot of questions unanswered. Precursors to humanistic approaches.
All of us have our own unique style of life. Alluding to basic talents and skills. Ultimately you’ll develop those
things, but he never tells you how this happens and how you go about doing it.
Creative Self: We can see the effects of the creative self. When someone is artistic, is the piece that
they produce a part of their creative self or is it evidence that this self exists. Happens between the
stimulus, and the ….
Human Factor: He believed it’s an active process that follows: you make your own personality and seek
out the meaning of life.
Contributions of Adler:
(1) Gave Freudian theory the social aspect it needed
(2) Concept of the “creative self” is highly personalized, subjective & optimistic. Talked about ego
psychology before it was a thing.
(3) Focused on the uniqueness of each personality and less emphasis on sexual interests. We’re motivated
by other things beside sex as human beings. Sexuality plays a lesser role than Freud said.
(4) Consciousness is the center of personality, not unconscious. We have the potential for selfawareness
that pushes us in a positive direction.
What we should give to our patients is loving content and positive regard.
Connection is the vehicle of therapeutic change. When we are aware we can make choices that are right for us. But didn’t show us how to do it. Without
mechanism we can’t do much.
Carl Jung: (Analytic Psychology & Collective Unconscious) Now this guys tries to
explain everything. Criticized for trying to be a prophet. Analytic Psychology. Contributed the collective
unconscious. Him and Freud had a big fight. Believed the unconscious was much much bigger than Freud
said. He was the first to identify extroversion and introversion. Him and Adler influenced each other.
1. Teleology: pertaining to ends or purposes. A person lives by causes and beliefs. These beliefs
determines our goals.
2. Role of “symbolism”: only available way to explain the unexplainable. Science has continuous
limitations. Consensual validation, ex. color gray is it the same that everyone sees. Ultimate saying of