PS251, Lec 7: 09/18/2013
Psychosexual/ Psychosocial Development:
Freud and Erikson
46 Phallic Stage:
Males: Oedipus Complex: unconscious attraction to your mother. Father is competition in this
situation. Boy realizes that he’s not the only person and his dad is there. Realizes that his mom may have
had a penis and it got cut off because she was bad. But the father still has a penis so the kids starts
mimicking his dad. His way of becoming close to his mom. Boy realizes that the father and mother are
closer so in his mimicking of his dad, he’s actually getting closer to his mom.
Feeling for the mother, rivalry with the father. Unconscious castration anxiety.
Coupled with the knowledge that he can’t overcome his father.
Based on castration anxiety.
Females: Electra Complex: based on attraction to their fathers. Girls think that dad has a penis, mom
has zero, I have zero. Either mom cut it off or had it cut off, so I had it cut off too. But dad has it, so that is
penis envy. Girls resolve this penis envy or Electra complex by growing up to get pregnant and having a
boy with a penis. Based on jealousy.
Freud didn’t interview healthy women, so his women theories are wrong. Very biased.
711: Latency. So emotionally challenging. This is the part where everything is hidden. No significant
psychosexual development in this period.
12+: Genital: Puberty kicks in. Identity and sexuality is developed in this phase.
Adolescence marks the beginning of adult life of normal sexual relations, marriage and child bearing.