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Lecture 8

CAS LS 112 Lecture 8: Idea
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3 Pages
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Spring 2015

Department
Spanish
Course Code
CAS LS 112
Professor
Spooner
Lecture
8

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Idea: My feelings with regard to the book are positive.
English Way: I like the book.
Spanish Way: The book is pleasing to me.
The second thing to notice is that in English, the subject of the sentence is the person (I, we)
while in Spanish the subject of the sentence is the object (room, books).
The room is pleasing to me. Subject: The room ; I like the room. Subject: I
Finally notice that while the English sentence has a direct object, the Spanish sentence has an
indirect object.
The room is pleasing to me. me = Indirect Object ; I like the room. room = Direct Object
Let's study the following example:
Me gustan los libros.
Literal Translation: To me are pleasing the books.
Actual Translation: I like the books.
Notice that gustar is conjugated as "gustan" not "gusto." A common mistake is to say "Me gusto
los libros." This is incorrect because the subject of the sentence is "los libros" even though it
comes at the end. Remember, the verb is conjugated to agree with the subject of the sentence.
Me gustan los libros. (I like the books.)
Notice that the conjugation of gustar changes to "gusta" when the subject of the sentence is
singular.
Me gusta el libro. (I like the book.)
***Since the subject of the sentence must be either singular (book) or plural (books), the only
forms of gustar you will use are "gusta" and "gustan." This is true regardless of what IO
pronoun appears in the sentence.
Me gusta el libro.
I like the book.
Te gusta el libro.
You like the book.
Nos gusta el libro.
We like the book.
Me gustan los libros.
I like the books.
Te gustan los libros.
You like the books.
Nos gustan los libros.
We like the books.
**Remember, gustar becomes either gusta or gustan, depending upon whether the subject of
the sentence is singular or plural. It has nothing to do with which IO pronoun is used.
Subject is singular - use gusta
Me gusta el libro.
Te gusta el libro.
Subject is plural - use gustan
Me gustan los libros.
Te gustan los libros.
**Remember, the IO pronoun is not the subject of the sentence!
Nos gustamos ... incorrect!
Te gustas ... incorrect!
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Description
Idea: My feelings with regard to the book are positive. English Way: I like the book. Spanish Way: The book is pleasing to me. The second thing to notice is that in English, the subject of the sentence is the person (I, we) while in Spanish the subject of the sentence is the object (room, books). The room is pleasing to me. Subject: The room ; I like the room. Subject: I Finally notice that while the English sentence has a direct object, the Spanish sentence has an indirect object. The room is pleasing to me. me = Indirect Object ; I like the room. room = Direct Object Let's study the following example: Me gustan los libros. Literal Translation: To me are pleasing the books. Actual Translation: I like the books. Notice that gustar is conjugated as "gustan" not "gusto." A common mistake is to say "Me gusto los libros." This is incorrect because the subject of the sentence is "los libros" even though it comes at the end. Remember, the verb is conjugated to agree with the subject of the sentence. Me gustan los libros. (I like the books.) Notice that the conjugation of gustar changes to "gusta" when the subject of the sentence is singular. Me gusta el libro. (I like the book.) ***Since the subject of the sentence must be either singular (book) or plural (books), the only forms of gustar you will use are "gusta" and "gustan." This is true regardless of what IO pronoun appears in the sentence. Me gusta el libro. Me gustan los libros. I like the book. I like the books. Te gusta el libro. Te gustan los libros. You like the book. You like the books. Nos gusta el libro. Nos gustan los libros. We like the book. We like the books. **Remember, gustar becomes either gusta or gustan, depending upon whether the subject of the sentence is singular or plural. It has nothing to do with which IO pronoun is used. Subject is singular - use gusta Subject is plural - use gustan Me gusta el libro. Me gustan los libros. Te gusta el libro. Te gustan los libros. **Remember, the IO pronoun is not the subject of the sentence! Nos gustamos ... incorrect! Te gustas ... incorrect! Singular Subject Plural Subject Me gusta la casa. Me gustan las casas. Te gusta el cuarto. Te gustan los cuartos. Le gusta la silla. Le gusta
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