The women do not travel very far when the news of Caesar’s whipping reaches them. On the
river, they meet Colonel Martin, a great friend of Caesar’s, who is very angry to hear about his
The women transport him back to Parham House to intervene on Caesar’s behalf. When they
arrive, they find Caesar in great pain.
While they nurse him back to health, he confides his plan to kill Byam, whatever it takes.
Caesar pledges to do no harm to the women and Trefry, who had no idea of Byam’s evil plans.
They try to talk him out of this idea, but fail.
As fast as gossip spreads through the colony, truth travels just as fast. No doubt the women feel
outraged at the turn of events, and may even feel some shame for abandoning their victimized
Caesar has lost hope in returning home or living happily with Imoinda, and now only hopes to
avenge his honor by killing his enemy.
After this is done, the colonists and the three slaves walk back toward the plantation.
Upon reaching the place where slaves are whipped, however, the Parhamites grab Caesar and
Tuscan, who are both surprised and exhausted.
The colonists bind the men tightly and proceed to whip them, while Byam looks on.
For a prince in his own country, a whipping would have been unheard of. But in the New World,
Caesar can be treated like just another slave.
The whipping itself emphasizes the magnitude and gravity of his change in fortune. Again, Behn
deplores this violence not for its own sake, but because it involves subjecting a natural-born
During his lashing, Caesar makes no sound and does not struggle. He only looks angrily at Byam,
and at each one of the runaway slaves who now take turns whipping him. The Parhamites then
untie Caesar, and he falls to the ground, weak from the loss of blood. Next, they weigh him
down with iron chains, rub Indian pepper on his skin to aggravate his wounds, and tie him to
the ground, so he cannot move. The whipping is not only physically painful, but the Parhamites go out of their way to make sure
it is especially humiliating for Caesar by making his deserters deal him the blows they
themselves might have received for running away.
The betrayals Caesar has faced now seem numberless, and he has lost all hope in the rest of
Racism Theme Icon Betrayal Theme Icon Freedom and Slavery Theme Icon
Imoinda has not seen Caesar’s punishment, as the Parhamites made sure to lock her up inside
Parham House to prevent her from the miscarriage that seeing such a gruesome sight would
likely induce. Meanwhile, the narrator and the other English women have been evacuated
upriver, after hearing of Caesar’s flight earlier that day. They have no inkling that Caesar has