Class Notes (807,339)
United States (312,494)
ANTH 1A (11)
Lecture 6

ANTH 1A Lecture 6: Gender and Agency

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Brandeis University
Anjaria Ulka

Gender and Agency ● Affines- related through marriage ● Higher class = more veiling = more honor at stake ○ Female street vendors see burqa as aspirational- can’t afford the luxury of isolating themselves from public life like that ● Malinowski and Benedict (1930s): culture is an idea meant to emphasize common humanity ○ Ex. to debunk racist hierarchies- now being used to emphasize essential differences ● “Poetry of defiance coinciding with the ideology of honor” ○ People don’t act blindly ● Culture may provide framework but it doesn’t dictate every action ○ Moral standards are seen as individual achievements rather than obligations ■ Positive reinforcement of punishments or pride? ● Modesty does not equate docility ○ Eurocentric idea that people must not want to choose modesty ○ Different levels of modesty expected from different societies 1. Power: idea of “saving” 2. Clothing: reduces Muslim women’s experience to single article of clothing 3. Freedom: needs to be expanded Medical Anthropology ● Explores different systems of healing and medicine around the world, how people make sense of illness, pain, morality, and their body, how medicine is shaped by culturally specific ideas of health, illness, and bodies, and how anthropologists help solve healthcare problems by understanding other cultures ● Healing practices intertwined with understanding of body ○ Conceptions of body as vessel, machine, secular closed off individual, open system, two spirits ○ Must distinguish between disease and illness ● Disease: discrete, natural entity that can be identified and treated by a health program ○ May be caused by bacteria, virus, or parasite ■ Same everywhere ● Illness: individual’s experience of sickness ○ Includes how they talk about/understand it, specific contextualized human experiences of disease ○ Epilepsy: brain’s electrical system or soul loss because soul is like a shadow that can be scared away ● Ethnomedicine: “traditional” medical systems associated with specific cultural groups, often preserved through oral tradition, tends to be more holistic by treating a collective of the body, mind, and spirit ○ Ex. Muslim healers in Hyderabad: sees patients for variety of ailments ■ Patience, maternal qualities ■ Listening serves as part of the healing process ■ Heals social fabric ■ Asks patients to bring in relevant parties as well ■ Refers patients to biomedical doctors for other problems ● Biomedicine: views disease as having unique physical cause ○ Dichotomizes and separates body from
More Less

Related notes for ANTH 1A

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.