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Lecture 9

ANTH 1A Lecture 9: Final Review 2

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Brandeis University
Anjaria Ulka

Zande witchcraft/granary example: ● Evans-Pritchard saw it as a component of highly organized and rational and logical system ● Witchcraft was part of everyday life, complements rationality ● Hut collapsed and killed men ○ Termites were the how (undisputed) but witchcraft explains the why ● Explains coincidences that only seems irrational out of context Secularization: ● Arena of public life where religion is not admitted or seen as equal respect for all religions ● Decreasing significance of religion in society ● Separation of private beliefs from public life ● Weber’s thesis was that as societies become more rationalized, they will become less religious ○ Not true; Americans, as a whole, have become more religious since the 1970s Compliance: ● Lia’s parents were seen as being noncompliant- to the point that she was taken away from them ● Failure to understand, from both sides, was the reason why ● Kleinmann’s possible solutions? ○ Compliance creates a sense of a moral hegemony ○ Conversation needs to be open and questions need to be asked to understand how the patients view illness in order to find an appropriate treatment ■ Ex. What do you fear most about the sickness? Illness narratives: ● Hmong sees sickness as coming from outside of the sick person ○ They are not to blame, things like soul loss or upsetting spirits are the reasons why illness happens Biomedicine: ● Views disease as having unique physical cause ● Dichotomizes and separates body from mind ● Assumes bodily explanations of illness over the emotional, emphasizes technical solutions and presumes universality ● Primary medical approach in Western countries Biomedical and Hmong approaches to epilepsy: ● Biomedical: doctors prescribed elaborate dosages of medicines that were constantly changing ○ Their best case produced worst case result ● Hmong: visit txiv neeb Disease versus illness: ● Disease: discrete, natural entity that can be identified and treated by a health professional ○ May be caused by bacteria, virus, or parasite and remains the same everywhere ○ Epilepsy is seen as misfires in the brain’s electrical synapses ● Illness: individual’s experience of sickness ○ Includes how they talk about and understand it, specific and contextualized human experiences of disease ○ Epilepsy seen as soul loss because soul is like a shadow that can be scared away Design Anthropology: ● Human-centered design that uses ethnographic methods such as interviewing and participant observation in order to create desirable design outcomes Modernist urbanism: ● City is like a moving body ● Streets are the veins that need open flow and movement ○ What does this make hawkers however? ● Spatialized separation of activities and functions ● Tries to impose order on natural chaos and then reintroducing controlled chaos ○ Ex. in NYC of parts of the street blocked off and then reopened as pedestrian seating Right to the city: ● Right of all inhabitants to use, occupy, and produce just, inclusive, and sustainable cities
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