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Lecture 26

FA 30B Lecture 26: David and Goya Lecture Notes

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Brandeis University
Fine Arts
FA 30B
Unglaub Jonathan

David and Goya Lecture Jacque Louis David's The Oath of the Horatii was painted in Rome and exhibited at the Salon of 1785. The painting was large. The scene shows the three sons making an oath to their father to fight for Rome. The theme is service to the country over all other private concerns. The tragic outcome of the killed mourning woman is not focused on, rather the oath maintains the focus. The composition is simple, rigid, and angular. The figures salute as they're about to take the swords from the father. The woman, understanding the fate that is to come, are shown in mourning and grief. The orthogonals recede into the father's hand. The brothers are bound together. The theme of a heroic act is also seen in Poussin’s The Death of Germanicus. The contrast between service and private affairs is better seen in the Oath. The painting is nationalistic and patriotic. During the French Revolution, the idea of loyalty to the state over an individual becomes prominent. David becomes a member of the Jacobins, and depicts the Oath at the Tennis Court in a sketch (the founding of the new French Republic). The Jacobins supported the creation of a secular society by destroying Church works and adopting a new calendar. Jacques Louis David's The Death of Marat shows Marat after
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