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Lecture 6

HIST 80A Lecture 6: The Rise of Inner Asia Lecture Notes

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James Heyward

The Rise of “Inner Asia” Lecture Notes The Han Dynasty  China expanded west, and was more successful than the Qin Dynasty.  The Qin fell after the sudden death of the emperor, due to the forced labor, heavy taxes, and Legalist policies.  Book burning and the execution of critics were not uncommon during the Qin, many texts were forever destroyed, but some survived and exist to this day.  Liu Bang aka Emperor Gaozu of Han was a peasant who founded the Han at Changan.  Gaozu reversed the policy of fiefdom with varying degrees of success. He had officials being constantly moved from their territory in order to prevent by loyalties.  Emperor Wu of Han was a Legalist, but greatly advanced Confucianism by establishing a state – sponsored school of Confucian thought.  Emperor Wu went to great lengths to vanquish the threat of the Xiongnu (based in Altaic languages).  A common item during the Han were Wiks, or early forms of chairs/furniture.  The mark of foreigners was a hat.  As the Han moved outwards, they greatly desired horses.  Yuezhi culture moved westward into India. The Silk Road  Silk tapestry was favored by the elite classes from India to China to Rome.  Mulberry leaves were a sign of good governance if the leader planted these seeds (future generations would profit).  Silkworm larvae produce
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